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Beautiful Scalp, Beautiful Hair: Causes Of Dandruff And The Solution You Need

12 February 2019
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Alexandra Lazic

Beauty Editor

As a hair and beauty journalist, Alex is committed to equipping readers with all there is to know about the latest trends, tips, and tricks in order to make sure you get your next haircut, colour, or style just right.

Have you noticed some white flakes on your head or on your shoulders, but it’s not quite snowy season? The chances are, you’re experiencing dandruff. Hair.com answers all our questions about this common skin condition, delving into the causes of dandruff as well as how to treat and prevent it, the way the experts do. Time to tackle dandruff, head-on!

How Do I Know If I Have Dandruff On My Scalp?

If you suspect your or someone else has dandruff, these steps will help you determine. It could be that you have a sensitive scalp or another skin condition. Firstly, look at your hair in the mirror or ask someone if that is easier and see if white flakes appear predominantly at the roots of your hair. Lightly shake your hair to see if anything falls, you can also see evidence on dark clothing at the end of the day. Be careful not to scratch your head too hard as this will agitate the scalp, so be gentle. It is best to check your hair long after it has been washed, it will be hard to determine on freshly washed hair. If you find you do have dandruff, fear not we can walk you through the causes and dandruff prevention tips!

What Are The Most Common Causes Of Dandruff?

The principal factors for dandruff are your body’s hormones, changes in the wear as well as stress. Heat tools like hairdryers or straighteners and dry air can also have an effect, while the chemicals associated with air pollution can cause a reaction on the scalp, and further increase the chances of developing dandruff. Stress can also worsen a skin condition, making you more susceptible to these unwanted flakes of skin - as if feeling stressed out wasn’t bad enough!

Related article: Heatless Styling For Hair Is Hotter Than Ever

The Biology Of Dandruff And The Scalp

If you have dandruff, it’s likely that you will already know about it. Once you’ve determined dandruff could be the problem, you’ll want to know why it happens. The skin of the scalp regenerates naturally roughly every 15 days. So far so good. But the mentioned factors can speed up the change of cells on the scalp to a period of 10 days, which means that there is an accumulation of layers of dead skin (eek). These flakes are known as dandruff. The symptoms usually include white flakes of dead skin in the hair, sometimes visible on the shoulders too, and you may find your scalp feels itchy and red. Dandruff can develop on anyone at any age, but before you panic, take heed in the fact that with the right tools and techniques, it’s totally treatable. Phew!

How To Get Rid Of Dandruff

Dandruff can be a chronic condition, but it can be controlled with the proper treatment. One simple solution lies in your shower – shampoo. When adapted to your skin type, shampoo can remove flakes, reduces oiliness of the scalp, and prevents dead skin from building up. The solution for eliminating dandruff is this: a treatment that normalises skin renewal. Because the alteration is internal, there aren’t any purely external remedies to get rid of dandruff. Put simply, you need a shampoo that will not just superficially remove the flakes, but also penetrate the scalp to rebalance skin cell generation. But don’t fret - this treatment is much more accessible than you might think.

Ditch The Dandruff! A Scalp Friendly Tool Kit

Enter: Bain Anti-Pelliculaire. This fave dandruff fighting tool works on two types of dandruff - both oily and dry. It contains zinc pyrithione, It’s also a rich source of Octopirox, a big word for a powerful anti-dandruff component that helps to make your scalp less itchy. Rounding up the key ingredients is salicylic acid, which helps to purify and exfoliate the scalp for healthy clean and flake-free hair.

Once the dandruff is gone, you can reduce the amount of times you use Bain Anti-Pelliculaire, alternating with another beautifying shampoo such as Bain Micellaire Riche, to keep your scalp happy and your hair nourished.

If you’re a naturalista looking for a dandruff busting haircare range that smells good enough to eat (don’t eat it!!) then look to Biolage R.A.W.’s Rebalance Shampoo and Conditioner. This vegan formula infused with Willow Bark and Rosemary contains flake fighting Salicylic Acid.


Dandruff be gone!


If you want expert advice personalised to you, seek help from your hair stylist. Book in to your nearest salon now via our Salon Locator.

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